Linux/OpenVPN: Unterschied zwischen den Versionen

Aus VivaLV
Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche
(ChromeOS)
(ChromeOS)
Zeile 50: Zeile 50:
 
When using the simple (UI) configuration for ChromeOS:
 
When using the simple (UI) configuration for ChromeOS:
 
* disable '''comp-lzo''' in '''/etc/openvpn/openvpn.conf''' and restart OpenVPN
 
* disable '''comp-lzo''' in '''/etc/openvpn/openvpn.conf''' and restart OpenVPN
* use servername:12112 in ChromeOS OpenVPN connection settings
+
* use '''servername:12112''' in ChromeOS OpenVPN connection settings
  
 
= WiFi Hotspots =
 
= WiFi Hotspots =

Version vom 18. April 2018, 06:42 Uhr

Setup for an OpenVPN server which handles ALL traffic

First install and configure OpenVPN: https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/OpenVPN

Do not forget to first setup the key infrastructure: https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Create_a_Public_Key_Infrastructure_Using_the_easy-rsa_Scripts

Add these lines to /etc/openvpn/openvpn.conf for routing all traffic:

push "dhcp-option DNS 8.8.8.8"
push "redirect-gateway def1"

Add these lines for user/password authentication in addition to the certificate:

plugin openvpn-plugin-auth-pam.so /etc/pam.d/login
username-as-common-name

Check the necessary kernel options (can be set as M):

CONFIG_TUN
CONFIG_IP_NF_CONNTRACK 
CONFIG_IP_NF_IPTABLES 
CONFIG_IP_NF_NAT

Allow IP forwarding in /etc/sysctl.conf:

net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1

Check that it is allowed:

cat /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

Allow on the fly:

echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

Activate IP forwarding/routing (necessary after each reboot, so put it for example in /etc/local.d/baselayout1.start):

modprobe iptable_nat # if compiled as module
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.100.0.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE

Open port 12112 UDP on your router.

Start OpenVPN:

/etc/init.d/openvpn start

If everything works, add OpenVPN to the default runlevel, so that it starts during boot:

rc-update add openvpn

Android

Use https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=de.blinkt.openvpn.

Import client openvpn.conf. Enable "User/PW + Certificates" and "Use default route". Disable "LZO Compression", if you disabled it on the server because of ChromeOS clients.

ChromeOS

Source: https://www.errietta.me/blog/openvpn-chromebook/

openssl pkcs12 -export -in ./pki/issued/client1.crt -inkey ./pki/private/client1.key -certfile ./pki/ca.crt -name client1 -out client1.p12

When using the simple (UI) configuration for ChromeOS:

  • disable comp-lzo in /etc/openvpn/openvpn.conf and restart OpenVPN
  • use servername:12112 in ChromeOS OpenVPN connection settings

WiFi Hotspots

Some Hotspots (for example Telekom Germany) do not allow UDP packets. In that case, configure OpenVPN to use TCP.

Multiple OpenVPN servers on one machine (Gentoo)

Create 2 config files server1.conf and server2.conf in /etc/openvpn with the content from above. Then change the following lines:

server1.conf:

port 12112
proto udp
dev tun0
server 10.100.0.0 255.255.255.0
ifconfig-pool-persist ipp.txt

server2.conf:

port 3389
proto tcp
dev tun1
server 10.200.0.0 255.255.255.0
ifconfig-pool-persist ipp2.txt

Open both ports on your router.

Link to OpenRC config:

ln -s /etc/init.d/openvpn /etc/init.d/openvpn.server1
ln -s /etc/init.d/openvpn /etc/init.d/openvpn.server2

Create 2 routes:

iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.100.0.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.200.0.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE

Start both servers:

/etc/init.d/openvpn.server1 start
/etc/init.d/openvpn.server2 start

Configure autostart:

rc-update add openvpn.server1
rc-update add openvpn.server2